Scientific: Agathosma betulina [WikiPedia]
Composition: Contain diosmin and hesperidin. Buchu also contains pulegone, which is hepatotoxic.
Appearance: Buchu is a small,
green, woody plant found in western South Africa. In several reports of
the late nineteenth century, buchu was described as “about the size of a
hedgehog.” The leaves have an incredibly pungent aroma that is similar
to peppermint that increases as the leaves are dried.
Parts Used: Dried leaf and small flowers.
Common Uses: Buchu oil is
widely used in the perfume industry, as well as a component in
artificial fruit flavors, alcoholic beverages, frozen dairy desserts,
candy, condiments and relishes. The original usage of buchu by the
natives of South Africa is somewhat unclear, as the word buchu is a
general term in South Africa for aromatic plant. Some have theorized
that it may have been applied topically as an insect repellant. True to
its description of being a multi-purpose specie, Buchu has long been
used as an antiseptic, and anti-inflammatory, for urinary problems
including maladies such as haematuria, calculi, kidney disease and
infections of the bladder, prostate and urethra. Buchu’s pharmacological
profile allows it to be used for its diuretic, antimicrobial,
anti-inflammatory and antiseptic purposes. Its uses today have spread
beyond its medicinal applications, as this compound has made its way
into the fragrance and flavour industries where it is used to enhance
fruit flavours and boost fragrances. The herbs are particularly useful
for black currant flavors. The taste of the leaves is believed to be
green herbal, sweet berry, minty camphoraceous, tropical guava, apricot,
The Buchu plant should be used at low dosages for
most purposes as it contains diosphenol, a compound known to be toxic at
Topic Specific Research:
PLEASE NOTE that herbal and
other natural products can harm your animals – not all plants are safe
and gentle! Do not attempt using any of the ingredients listed, or any
other plant matter, without the guidance of a qualified herbalist.
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