What is Monosaccharide?
Monosaccharides (from Greek monos: single, sacchar: sugar), also called simple sugar, is a mixture of sugar and are the simplest form of sugar and the most basic units of carbohydrates. They cannot be further hydrolyzed to simpler chemical compounds. They are usually colorless, water-soluble, and crystalline solids. Some monosaccharides have a sweet taste. But all the compounds which fit into this general formula may not be classified as carbohydrates. For example, Acetic Acid which fits in the formula is not a carbohydrate. Examples of monosaccharides include glucose (dextrose), fructose (levulose), and galactose. [see: Wikipedia]