What is a Phytochemical?
Phytochemicals1 are chemicals of plant origin. Phytochemicals (from Greek phyto, meaning “plant”) are chemicals produced by plants through primary or secondary metabolism. They generally have biological activity in the plant host and play a role in plant growth or defense against competitors, pathogens, or predators (see: Wikipedia).
- 1.Ghoshal G. Biotechnology in Food Processing and Preservation: An Overview. In: Advances in Biotechnology for Food Industry. Elsevier; 2018:27-54. doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-811443-8.00002-5